Emerging Infectious Diseases

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Emerging Infectious Diseases
Nature Immunology 6, 743 - 747 (2005)

 
What is an emerging infectious disease?

  • Deadly Diseases - Ebola, smallpox, anthrax, rabies, and plague; also called “high-consequence pathogens”
  • Zoonotic diseases:
    • Approximately 75% of recently emerging infectious diseases affecting humans are diseases of animal origin
    • Approximately 60% of all human pathogens are zoonotic
  • HAIs - At any given time, about 1 in every 25 patients has an infection related to their hospital care
  • Infections that are resistant to antimicrobial drugs (like antibiotics)
  • Foodborne illness - one in six Americans gets sick each year from something they ate
  • Illnesses that affect immigrants, refugees, migrants, expatriates, and travelers—traveler’s diarrhea, hepatitis
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