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Patient Safety: Who Guards the Patient? References

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Information on-line at the American Nurses Association’s web site
Discrimination and Racism in Health Care: ANA Position Statement
Retrieved on January 30, 2003,

ANA Statement for IOM Committee on Work Environment for Nurses and Patient Safety:
Site name: The American Nurses Association (ANA)
Description: ANA advances the nursing profession by fostering high standards of nursing practice.

Site Name: American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN)
Description: The purpose of AACN is to promote the health and welfare of those experiencing critical illness or injury by advancing the art and science of critical care nursing and promoting environments that facilitate comprehensive professional nursing practice.

Site Name: National Council of State Boards of Nursing
Description: Dedicated to the safe, regulated practice of nursing.

Site Name: American Nurses Credentialing Center
Description: Nurse credentialing and related services.

Foundations, Organizations

Key terms: patient safety, patient outcomes, inpatient mortality, health care errors, accountability, medical error, adverse events, health care error, ethics, lifelong learning, safety legislation, stakeholders, organizational characteristics, magnet hospitals, Sentinel Events, systems, nursing and public accountability, nursing quality, professional advocacy, quality of care.

Site Name: The National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA)
Description: is a non-profit watchdog organization. This Committee assesses, measures and reports the outcomes of care.

Site Name: National Patient Safety Foundation
Description: The National Patient Safety Foundation is a resource for individuals and organizations committed to improving the safety of patients

Site Name: Institute of Medicine (IOM)
Description: The Institute's work focuses on committee reports, studies on subjects ranging from HIV prevention to providing clinical care in extended space flight, research opportunities at the National Institute of Health, to protecting the nation's food supply.

Site Name: Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
Description: The Joint Commission evaluates and accredits more than 16,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States.

Site Name: American Hospital Association
Description: Provides current information on a broad range of health care topics.

Site Name: American Medical Association
Description: Current information on topics in medicine and information for healthcare professionals.

Site Name: The Institute for Safe Medical Practices (ISMP)
Description: is a not-for-profit organization that analyzes medications errors and has compiled a system for reviewing and cataloguing medication and administration issues.

Site Name: U.S. Pharmacopoeia (USP)
Description: operates a Medication Error Reporting (MER) program for nurses, physicians, pharmacists and students to report medication-related errors (including errors in ordering, dispensing and administration) anonymously via mail, fax, Internet or telephone to the USP offices.

Site Name: Institute for Safe Medication practices
Description: Consumer health education newsletter that focuses on the prevention of medication errors, is part of the National Institute of Health.

Government Agencies

Site name: The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Description: Dedicated to nursing research and quality of care.

Site Name: Veterans Health Administration (VHA)
Description: launched its Patient Safety Reporting System. The mission of the PHSHCG is to provide the highest quality, comprehensive care to veterans and to have that care recognized as the standard by which all health care in the United States is measured.

Site Name: Department of Health and Human Services.
Description: Promotes health, safety and well-being and provides government services.

Site Name: National Institutes of Health
Description: Information resource for health, grants and funding, research.

Other Resources

Site name: Leapfrog Group
Description: A group of CEOs from 100 of the nation’s largest corporations, cites patient safety as one of its major objectives in reviewing health care delivery systems. JCAHO is a member of the Leapfrog Group and will assist the group in the identification of a specific set of intensive care, unit-related measures.

Site name: Achoo Gateway to Health

Description: Search engine for pertinent topics in health care

Site name: WebMD
Description: Broad based web page for information on topics in health care

Site name: Ask a Nurse
Description: Educational materials