In May 2008, the groundbreaking Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, known as GINA, was signed into law. GINA requires regulations interpreting the law to be available by May 2009 and further implementation will continue up to May 2010. To coincide with the required May 2009 regulations, OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing (OJIN) is excited to post another new article to update the OJIN January 2008 topic, First Genetics, Now Genomics: What Do Nurses Need to Know?
Dale Halsey Lea’s article, “The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA): What it Means for Your Patients and Families
” describes the need for GINA, the scope and limitations of this law, and health provider resources relating to this law. The article also offers activities that nurses can carry out in their own institutions to facilitate GINA compliance.
If you’re still seeking a basic knowledge of genetic terms and concepts and an understanding of genomics that will provide you with a foundation to provide competent, personalized healthcare, or you need a review, check out “Basic Genetics and Genomics: A Primer for Nurses” by Lea. This article reviews the basic genetic structures and functions, explains cellular and genetic changes, discusses genetic inheritance, describes chromosomal variations, and shares applications of genetics and genomics for nursing practice.