Clara Noyes (1869-1936) 1998 Inductee

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Clara Noyes
ANA Hall of Fame Inductee

As the United States was preparing for World War I, Clara Dutton Noyes faced an enormous task -- preparing nurses for duty. Noyes, a member of the New York State Nurses Association (NYSNA), excelled at this and, subsequently, strengthened the nursing profession internationally.

As director of the Red Cross' Bureau of Nursing (and later as director of nursing service and chairman of the National Committee on American Red Cross Nursing), Noyes was responsible for the enrollment, organization and assignment of nurses to duty (more than 21,000 nurses by the end of the war) and the Red Cross' curriculum. For 20 years during and following World War I, she ensured the availability of nursing care in war and disaster, including providing nurses for the indigent during the Depression.

Noyes toured post-war Europe, where nurses were assigned for general relief, public health, child welfare or hospital work. Noyes then made recommendations for the development of public health services and nursing schools in Europe that impacted nursing worldwide.

Before her appointment at the Red Cross, Noyes served as a nursing and hospital superintendent at several institutions and founded the first school for midwives in the United States. She served as president of the ANA (1918-1922), the National League of Nursing Education, the board of the American Journal of Nursing and twice as vice president of the International Council of Nurses. While president of ANA, she was instrumental in bringing together the three national nursing organizations to establish a national headquarters and the Bureau of Nursing Information.